CSS Exam

CSS Exam

What is the meaning of CSS?

CSS stands for Central Superior Service. It is an exam that directs the person to get a government level job. Details of CSS Exam here.

What is the CSS exam for?

CSS exam in Pakistan is held by the Federal Public Service Commission to recruit eligible candidates to the services under Federal Government. It is also a competitive examination. People are keen to pass this exam as it is a life-changing step towards a brighter future.

People from around the world, apply for this exam. They aim to achieve a bureaucratic or any other high-level position.

What qualification is required for CSS?

A person with a bachelor’s degree who has obtained a minimum of 2nd division would be eligible to appear in the CSS exam.

What is the age limit for the CSS exam?

People aged between 21 to 30 years are eligible to appear in CSS exams. Students must study hard for at least one to two years and then appear in exams.

Is the CSS exam difficult?

It is a common perception that CSS exams are difficult. However, people who are well prepared and willing to get good marks can easily obtain good marks.

What is CSS Salary?

Once you have passed the CSS exam, starting pay or salary will be 60,000 or even more than that. It depends on the type of position in the job. It is not all. The 17th-grade person is also entitled to a car and a house until retirement. There is a specific staff to proceed with at the workplace.

After retirement, there are more hidden benefits for the person to unlock in form of money and other facilities.

Being a civil servant of Pakistan is an honorable job for anyone.

What are the passing marks in CSS?

Based on numbers, allocation is done. The more number you get the higher position you will be able to attain. There is a quota system for each region. Based on that quota you will be hired on different jobs.

Can you pass CSS on the first attempt?

It is necessary to have a thorough and strategic plan in preparations for CSS exam before the attempt. In that way, students can easily pass the exam in first attempt. Start studying at least before 2 or 3 years so that you can have a strong grip on whatever is going to be in the exam.

What are the Subjects of CSS?

Syllabus of CSS:

To get details of CSS exam syllabus and subjects, click on this link below.



MSc Physics in Pakistan

If you are keen to know the details regarding MSc Physics in Pakistan, then you are at right place. Physics is the study of the Universe and all that it contains. Pakistani students are fortunate to have such a rich, diverse culture and history as their home country. Studying physics in Pakistan can give an understanding of the people, natural resources, and physical environment – which has been shown to lead a greater success in developing solutions for local challenges like energy shortages or earthquakes.

What does MSc Physics degree offer?

MSc Physics in Pakistan

A physics degree from Pakistan also provides international recognition and skills with application throughout many industries including engineering, finance, education, telecommunications and more! To learn more about studying Physics in top university of Pakistan, please visit our website: www.pgc.edu/

The Punjab Group of Colleges is a private sector college located in Lahore, Pakistan. It was established in 1990 and offers undergraduate/graduate degree programs for students majoring in mathematics, physics, chemistry, economics and computer science.

Punjab Group of College’s faculty consists of highly qualified lecturers with experience teaching at both local colleges as well as internationally renowned universities abroad. We have high academic standards to ensure that our graduates are competitively qualified to enter into any graduate program they choose while also being able to provide support services through counseling services available at the campus or online if needed by prospective students.

Why do we need MSc Physics degree holders in Pakistan?

With more and more people graduating with Master’s degrees, competition for jobs in engineering, science, research and teaching are fierce. But if you’re someone who has always been fascinated by how things work or what makes the world go round – or someone who doesn’t want to be bored at their desk all day – then a career in physics might just be right up your alley.

Pakistan is a developing nation that has struggled with the effects of conflict, violence, and corruption. As such, it is not uncommon for Pakistanis to be skeptical about whether they can trust their country’s government. But now there is a hope that youth with highest education level would be able to raise standard of living and governance as they come into bureaucracy.

Pakistan is a country with many natural resources, including an abundance of oil and natural gas. Despite this potential wealth, the poverty rate in Pakistan remains high at 22%. The main reason for this is that much of the population has no access to electricity or grid-based sources of energy.

This blog post will summarize what is needed to change this situation so that more people can have access to affordable energy without increasing their levels of pollution. The good thing is that there comes Zero Carbon which is another successful green energy project of PGC. The main reason is to bring energy revolution in Pakistani market. That’s why we need physics graduates in this country who can offer quick solutions.

In this blog post, we will discuss how to solve this problem by training Pakistani students in Physics at MSc level and sending them back to teach in universities and markets.

A physics degree is a rigorous course of study that requires dedication, patience and passion. Needless to say, not everyone can handle the workload or succeed in this demanding field. In order to be accepted into a program as prestigious as the MSc Physics at best universities of Pakistan, applicants must have interest in calculus, differential equations and linear algebra. This blog post will throw some light on these requirements.

What is a Master of Science degree in physics?

A Master of Science degree in physics provides an advanced education in different areas of study, such as nanotechnology or theoretical particle physics. The program typically takes two years to complete and students can also earn a PhD if they want to continue their research.

You’ll need proof that you have completed your undergraduate education with a Bachelor’s Degree from an accredited university. An MSc Physics degree is a program that requires you to complete a certain number of courses. The classes can be taught in person, online, or blended and will include topics such as

  • electronics,
  • nuclear physics,
  • quantum mechanics

In order to get an MSc Physics degree students must take three core courses including electricity and magnetism. So, that was a summary regarding MSc Physics in Pakistan & it can surely give you insights about its scope and subjects.



Data is emerging as the most valuable commodity on the planet. Organizations all around the world are working on strategies to organise and use data to achieve their strategic goals as data is being referred to as the future oil and analytics are being referred to as the engine to effectively run the organizations.

What is Data Science?

Data science is a field of study that works with a big volume of facts and uses advanced tools and techniques to uncover hidden patterns, extract useful data, and make business decisions. The Data Science curriculum is the amalgamation of Computer Science, Computational Mathematics, Statistics, and Management. Better decision-making, predictive analysis, and pattern finding are all aided by data science or data-driven science.

What is the importance of data science around the world?

Given the vast volumes of data created nowadays, data science is a crucial aspect of any industry. Its popularity has expanded over time, and businesses have begun to use data science approaches to expand their operations and improve customer experience. In the coming decade, it is expected that artificial intelligence, machine learning, and robots, among other innovative technology, will likely rule the world.

The World Economic Forum’s Future of Work Report 2020 predicts that by 2025, the job with the highest demand and growth will be that of a Data Scientist.

What are the major topics in data science?

  • Machine Learning
  • Modeling
  • Statistics
  • Programming
  • Databases

What are the qualifications required to become a data scientist?

  • Intermediate in Computer Science (ICS) or FSC. Engineering is needed for foundation course
  • Bachelors in Computer Science
  • Bachelors in Information Technology
  • Bachelors in Data Science
  • Software Engineering
  • Diplomas and short courses in data science

What is the average salary of a data scientist in Pakistan?

It starts from 50K and goes up to 2 million depending upon your qualifications, competency and skills. The average salary of a data scientist in Pakistan is around 800k.



Python and Software Engineering Scope

Python and Software Engineering Scope

Software engineering is going to become more important field in 2021 and years to come. With the rise of artificial intelligence, software engineers will be needed to help design and maintain new technologies as they come out in 2021 and beyond. It’s never too early to start preparing for this future program! You can take online courses or enroll in an undergraduate/graduate degree programs today if you want to start your journey into software engineering right away. Read more details of Python and Software Engineering Scope here in this article.

Software engineering

This post can be helpful for you if you are looking for any of the below mentioned topics about software engineering.

  1. What is software engineering?
  2. Software engineers are needed in many industries
  3. The skills that a software engineer should have
  4. How to become a software engineer?
  5. Why you should pursue software engineering field?
  6. The pros and cons of being a software engineer

We can help you figure out what technology to invest in for your next project and give advice on how to increase software engineering scope.

We hope this post will help you understand what could be software engineering scope in 2021 for your organization’s needs, or at least make you more aware of some potential solutions for your team to consider.

Contact us if you need additional information about our courses such as creating an agile roadmap, project management consulting, UX/UI research and design consultation, enterprise training courses on Agile Software Development Lifecycle (ASD), Scrum Framework and Lean Startup Methodology!

Let us help you to scale your software engineering projects in 2021 with a comprehensive consultation. We can provide expert advice on how to plan for the future of digital technology and what it means for business success today. What’s important about our consultations is that we tailor them specifically to meet your needs, so let’s talk!

Python is next big move in software Technology

There are many apps for Python programming on Android devices such as PyCharm Community Edition, Codea 2, and SageMathCloud. These apps make it easy to write code on the go without having to use any additional hardware like a high capacity laptop or tablet.

This article offered handy information about some of these apps, so you can decide which one best suits your needs! Python is a powerful programming language. It’s simple to learn and it has a low barrier of entry, but if you want to be good at it, you have to put in the time.

Python programmers

There are many apps out there for Python programmers; some are in high demand in these days. This blog post will let you know some more vital Android apps for Python programming such as: Codea, PyCharm Community Edition and Jupyter Notebooks.

Basically, when you try to take admission in software engineering course then any of the following query may come in your mind.

  1. How to define a job scope for a software engineering position?
  2. How to discuss the qualifications needed to be successful in this role?
  3. Different types of software engineering positions
  4. How to outline the tasks and responsibilities that are required in software engineering?

It’s good to be aware of the various apps available for this particular programming course. For example, Python is a powerful and versatile open-source programming language with many applications from web development to machine learning.

This is not one application that is quite popular but there are some other software applications as well that can give you a lot of earning in real marketplace. For example, Python is building cross-platform mobile apps using the Kivy framework or other structures such as Pyjamas or App Inventor 2.

There are several tools out there that make it easy to develop native Android apps in Python including: Codename One (which compiles Java code into native iOS and Android code), Kivy (which uses its own custom GUI toolkit), and Python is a programming language that is used for many different tasks which are necessary requirements for end users.

While it was originally created to teach students how to code, it has become one of the most popular languages in use today. A big part of this success is because there are so many available resources for Python programmers, including tools and tutorials.

One resource that can make developing Android apps even easier with Python programming is the Pyjnius library. This open source project provides developers with an API and bindings generator to allow them to easily create native Android applications using Python as their coding language. So, if you feel any issue regarding admission requirements for software engineering then leave your email or contact on the given number which is mentioned on PGC official site.

BS Physics

Scope of BS physics in Pakistan:

The BS physics degree in engineering is specifically designed to rigorously prepare students for a technical career in industry, perhaps as engineers, analysts, or consultants. We prepare students by developing their critical thinking and problem-solving skills in the classroom and through research opportunities on or off-campus.

“Engineering” literally means “to make things happen”. Engineering is traditionally about infrastructure.

In today’s world, engineering is recognized as a discipline that also creates technology and products that help make our lives easier. The computers on which we surf the net; medical services, and technologies we trust; household appliances and vehicles.

According to the American Physical Society, 60% of physics students graduate and get a job in some engineering position. Physics students are often better engineers because they are better trained in mathematics and have a broader critical thinking and problem-solving skillset to meet the challenges of an ever-changing technological landscape.

Fields after ICS physics:

Students who have completed ICS, it is better for them to continue their studies and go for a relevant BS physics or any other degree program. In any case, a student cannot pursue studies, have the options for short courses and diplomas.

Following are the fields that a ICS student can choose after intermediate.

  • Software Engineering.
  • Computer System Engineering
  • Electronics Engineering.
  • BS Nanotechnology.
  • BS Space Sciences.
  • BS Physics.
  • BS Information Technology
  • BS Computational Physics.
  • BS Mathematics.

Is Physics a good degree?

BS Physics

Physics’ scope is really good in the market. The qualified physicists are not much in numbers. That fact makes them more in demand and valuable. Specializing in physics is a good deal.

What has applied physics:

There are variety of physics applications in daily life. For example, medical tools, such as X-rays or operations with laser, would not be possible without this branch of science. Is also present in most everyday objects such as telephones, televisions, and almost all electronic devices. Moreover, without the physics neither could airplanes fly, the cars could not move and no buildings could be built. Almost all things are related to physical in some way or another.

BS Physics has many fields of study whose applications are in life daily life of humans. The best common are astrophysics, biophysics, molecular physics, electronics, particle physics, and relativity, among others. Physics belongs to the natural sciences and involves the study of matter and its movements; and behaviors across space and time.

What’s more:

  • Relate concepts, such as energy and force
  • It is one of the fundamental branches of the disciplines of science
  • The greatest goal of Physics is to understand how the Universe.



The electromagnetic force is usually exhibited in fields electromagnetic fields electric, magnetic fields, and light.

All electrical equipment used in daily routine are associated with electromagnetism. From microwave ovens, fans electric bells, and electric bells to alarm clocks.


The term atomic physics may be associated with nuclear power and weapons nuclear. Although nuclear physics deals only with the nuclei of atoms. Generally, in scientific fields the context is considered broader between several branches; only scientific studies are that specific.


This field is called physics quantum or quantum mechanics. The applications of quantum theory include quantum chemistry, super magnet drivers, lasers, microprocessors, magnetic resonance imaging, and microscopes electrons.

It has also influenced string theories, candidates for a Theory of Everything. New advances in this field are working to improve quantum cryptography. Another goal is the development of computers quantum; they are expected to process tasks much faster than classic computers.


In the theory of relativity, Einstein determined that the laws of physics are the same for all observers. Too determined that the speed of light is the same, regardless of the speed at which the observer trip. One of the effects of that theory is that different observers traveling to different speeds can have different perspectives of the same event; however, all observations are correct. GPS systems rely on it to function. Electromagnets are also possible thanks to relativity. The Older TVs, or those without plasma screens, worked with a mechanism based on relativity.


It is the field of physics (BS Physics) that studies the base of atoms, their constituents, and interactions. Other forms of nuclear matter are studied. Nuclear physics is not the same as atomic physics, a field that study the entire atom and its electrons.


Study how air behaves and the relationship it has when an object goes through it. Without the knowledge of this matter, aircraft could not have been designed, rockets, cars, or bridges that survive hurricanes.

Air is a fluid and to pass quickly through it, it is necessary to do it in a long, thin vehicle? You could create as little resistance to the fluid as possible to go Quick. In the same way, it is that humans advance in the sea faster if they swim horizontally; for that reason, planes and trains are shaped tubes.


East field is closely linked with physics atomic and has many aspects in common with theoretical chemistry, physical chemistry, and chemistry.

This branch of physics measures properties of rotation and vibration of the spectrum of molecules, the distances between the nuclei of the molecules, and their properties, among other stuff.


In practice, modern research involves a lot of physics work observational and theoretical. Some areas of study that attempt to determine to include the properties of dark matter, black holes, if they travel in time it is possible if wormholes can form if the multiverse exists, and the origin and destiny of the universe. Astrophysicists also study the formation and evolution of the System Solar, galaxy formation, cosmic rays, and astrophysics particles.

What should I do after BS in physics?

Why study BS Physics? If you are a person interested in your environment. Have the curiosity and who wants to know the why of things, if you have professional concerns and are open to working in fields related to science, technology, computer science, medicine, new energies, teaching. If you are one of those who want your higher education to have the ability to train you to enter a current labor market, nationally and internationally, with high qualification, then your choice is Physics.

What can I work on after studying physics?

According to official studies, the degree of satisfaction with the professional activity carried out among the BS Physics group is one of the highest. The labor field that this career opens up to you is and has one of the lowest unemployment rates.

Following are some examples.

  • New Materials
  • Meteorology
  • IT and Telecoms
  • Renewable energy
  • Optics and Lasers
  • Medicine and Biophysics
  • Electricity and electronic
  • Quality and Environment Control

In addition to many other fields such as Research and Development, Teaching, Consulting, etc.

Astrophysics and space science:

Below is the brief description of astrophysics and space science.

Astrophysics – Study of the physics of the universe and the stars. Orbital Mechanics – Or astrodynamics, of the spacecraft. Astrobiology – Study of the existence, origin, presence, and influence of life in the whole of the Universe. Exobiology – Study of the possibilities of extra-terrestrial life in the Universe.

Is the Degree in Physics valued?

In this sense, it must be remembered that a graduate in BS Physics is highly valued both from a social point of view. For its high level of training, and from a business point of view, since the Physicist is above all a person capable of seeking the means to find answers to phenomena of different kinds, in the field of science, innovation, and technology, business, computing.

Physics is very broad and versatile with great content both in Mathematics and Computer Science as well as in theoretical and experimental Physics. In addition, you will be able to access a multitude of specialized studies, in case you want to complete your training with a master’s degree at this or another university, in fields as varied as materials engineering, electronics, environment, new energy sources, applications in medicine.

In addition, each student is assigned an Academic Advisor who guides them in a personalized way throughout their Physics studies.

BS Physics jobs and salary in Pakistan:

  • Accelerator Operator
  • Applications Engineer
  • Data Analyst
  • Design Engineer
  • High School Physics Teacher
  • IT Consultant
  • Lab Technician
  • Laser Engineer
  • Optical Engineer
  • Research Associate
  • Software Developer
  • Systems Analyst
  • Technical Specialist
  • Web Developer

Physicists earn based on their experiences. BS physics is highly recommended if you want to earn a good salary package. The education and experience matters in what you are going to be hired for and what the salary will be. The average salary in this field starts from at least 35000 and goes up to 300,000. It can be changed according to the market value.

Software Engineering

Software Engineering in Pakistan:

Software Engineering

Software engineering has become one of the key areas in the rise of technology in companies and society. Find out what it is, its objectives and what the work of the software engineer consists of. Software engineering encompasses a wide range of fields in computer science and computer science. This technology now serves two functions. It is the product, but it also serves as a vehicle that transports the product. It serves as the control base for the product as an engine, such as an operating system or a network management system.

In this article, we try to solve some questions about software engineering. What it is, its objectives as well as what the software engineer does in the company.

What is software engineering?

Software engineering is a discipline that involves the use of structures, tools, and techniques to build computer programs.

Likewise, it includes the previous analysis of the situation, the drafting of the project, the creation of the software, and the necessary tests to guarantee the correct functioning of the software before putting the system into operation.

This engineering addresses all phases of the development life cycle of any type of information system and applies to a wide range of areas of computing and computer science, such as the design of compilers, operating systems, and intranet technologies. / Internet: Business, scientific research, medicine, manufacturing, logistics, banking, traffic control, and meteorology are just some of the fields in which you can work.

Difference between Software Engineering and Systems Engineering:

Software engineering is a field of study that encompasses the structures, instruments, and methods used in the development of computer programs. Therefore, software engineering is a branch of engineering that develops and manages software systems using techniques and experiments from computer science, project management, and other disciplines.

Systems engineering deals with the creation and application of information techniques. It covers a wide range of occupations since information management is currently part of any human operation.

Objectives of software engineering:

The objectives of software engineering are very diverse, but we can highlight the following most important:

  • Create computer programs that meet the needs of society and companies.
  • Guide and coordinate the development of difficult programming.
  • Intervene in the life cycle of a product.
  • Estimate the costs and the execution time of a project.
  • Act as the leader of the software development team.
  • Design, development, and administration of databases.
  • During the creation of the application, lead and direct the programmers.
  • Include quality processes in applications, such as metrics and measurements and software quality evaluation.

Best Software engineering universities in Pakistan:

Following are the few names of universities offering software engineering in Pakistan.

  • COMSATS, Islamabad
  • Balochistan University of Information Technology, Engineering, and Management Sciences, Quetta
  • Mirpur University of Science and Technology
  • Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology
  • NUST-SEECS, Islamabad
  • University of Engineering and Technology Taxila

The question that which university is best for software engineering in Pakistan is pretty much clear. Students have a vast range of universities offering software engineering programs. Admissions are open every year and each come with different fee structure and course outlines.

Students have the facility to choose on that suits them best.

What jobs can a software engineer do?

The software engineer is trained to work in leadership positions in the conception, construction, design, and implementation of software programs and solutions according to international models, as well as to grow in very diverse areas. The most important career opportunities for the software engineer in this area are:

  • IT Director.
  • Web application developer and analyst.
  • Software developer.
  • Software and hardware engineer.
  • Computer Systems Administrator
  • Website designer.
  • Web project manager.
  • Head of usability and user experience.
  • Cybersecurity expert.
  • Integration and testing specialist
  • Technology-related consultant (IT).
  • Agile web scheduling manager.
  • Quality manager/manager.

Scope of software engineering:

If you want to have a career in software engineering, the best way to achieve it is by studying a BS software engineer or Master’s Degree in Software Engineering and Computer science. In addition to preparing you for one of the most required jobs. These types of positions in companies fluctuate with an average salary of 52,000 Rs.

This Master is 100% online, so it will make it possible for you to study while combining it with your personal and professional life. You will have live online classes, a personal tutor, and an innovative virtual campus with a wide range of didactic resources that will complement your learning.

Today, almost everyone is affected by the extensive use of software, as well as user or as a professional in charge of building it. Users should appreciate the advantages of using software, while professionals need to understand the unique software features so that they can build high-quality software and carry out software projects in a satisfactory way.

To understand what software is (and consequently software engineering software), it is important to examine the features of the software that differentiate it from other things that man can build. Software is a logical element and differs from hardware, a physical element, in its features.

Law of Diminishing Returns

Law of diminishing returns in software engineering:

Law of Diminishing Returns

Law of diminishing returns This is a marginal decrease. That is, the increase is smaller each time, therefore, another way of calling this phenomenon is the law of diminishing marginal returns.

According to the law of diminishing (marginal) returns, increasing the quantity of a productive factor in the production of the good or service in question causes the production yield to be lower as we increase this factor. As long as the rest of the factors are kept at a constant level (ceteris paribus).

The basic concept of diminishing marginal returns needs to be explained. If we increase the amount of a productive factor and leave the amount used for the rest fixed, there will come a time when the amount of final product that we obtain is less as we produce more and more. There may even come a time when by increasing a unit of the factor used (for example, labor or machinery), production decreases.

Here the law of diminishing returns has been explained in simple words. It seems that despite what may be thought a priori, increasing a factor not only does not increase the production of the good or the service. However, it can lead to a gradual decrease in the quantity produced.

It is necessary to differentiate this process from that which occurs in diseconomies of scale, the opposite case of economies of scale. In these, the decreases in the production increases are the consequence of the increase of all the factors in the same proportion and not of just one of them, as in the case of diminishing marginal returns.

The law of diminishing returns is generally attributed to the economist David Ricardo, although its principles were defined by the Neapolitan Antonio Serra many decades before.

Example of the law of diminishing returns:

The existence of diminishing returns may seem logical if we think about it from the following point of view: not by having more workers in construction necessarily the work is done more quickly and efficiently.

There may come a point where so many people working in the same space can become bothered by lack of space and not perform their tasks correctly. A greater number of workers will cause the level of production to decrease for each unit of a worker employed. In that case, the marginal increase in production is negative.

The same thing happens by increasing the capital factor. For example, imagine that only one person works in a garden. The work you have to do to produce is enormous. If you buy a tractor you will be able to perform your tasks much better. But buying another tractor will be of no use to you as you cannot drive both at the same time.

Just as the first tractor increased production, the second tractor did not, that is, the marginal performance was zero when the second tractor was added. Let’s imagine you get 10 more tractors. Because you will have to use part of your garden to park them, production will be reduced, with the marginal yield decreasing for each tractor that is added. This example clarifies the law of diminishing returns precisely and justifiably.


Petroleum Engineering Scope in Pakistan

Petroleum Engineering Scope in Pakistan

Petroleum engineering scope in Pakistan:

Since students carry out different professional studies based on their interests. Petroleum engineering scope in Pakistan has also a significant role in the choice. They choose this profession to adopt something new and get advancement in the field.

The rareness of the professionals of this career makes it easier for people to explore more opportunities. The fewer professionals, the more they are in demand.

Benefits of petroleum engineering:

The engineering degree enables you to work in the field of technology. It gives one the responsibilities for management, maintenance, development, and innovation. Engineers use this knowledge to create complex concepts, materials, processes, products, machines, works, and systems.

In this sense, engineering professionals are assumed to be influential actors in our society. Since they are trained to respond to challenges such as global climate change, energy provision, housing, transport, and communications problems, based on respect for resources for future generations.

The knowledge and techniques used by Petroleum engineers come from almost all fields of science. They are constantly developed due to the incessant search for resources and optimization of production. In the oil industry, it is necessary to form multidisciplinary teams that work together to discover and extract the hydrocarbons found in the subsoil in formations of different characteristics and complexity.

The large number of phenomena to be known and problems to be solved make the Petroleum engineer a professional capable of interpreting the data received from geologists, geophysicists, chemists, and physicists. Also of developing methods and optimizing processes for the development of reservoirs making use of all the technologies you have at your fingertips.

Why study Petroleum Engineering?

It is the part of engineering that combines scientific and practical methods to carry out projects related to the drilling and exploitation of deposits and the production, processing, and transportation of crude oil and oil.

If you want to study this career, you will work mainly on the approach and development of the national and international oil industry. Likewise, you will be able to analyze, project, design, and optimize drilling techniques for oil and gas wells.

Where can I study Petroleum Engineering?

The program seeks to train professionals with differentiating elements. They study the foundations, tools, and specific skills that will allow them to integrate into the production schemes of their companies. The alternatives of biological origin and implementation of bioprocesses until the development of products.

This program seeks to train petroleum engineers capable of applying basic and natural science concepts. To drilling wells and treating oil and natural gas. In addition, to the transport, administration, conservation, and sustainability of hydrocarbons and the environment.

Petroleum Engineering scope in Pakistan is quite worthy. The discipline deals with transforming the oil and natural gas through very complex processes that are initially carried out in refineries.

The Petroleum Engineer is trained to:

Carry out feasibility studies, projects, calculations, management, construction, installation, inspection, operation, and maintenance of exploration and exploitation of oil and gas fields; surface facilities related to the production of hydrocarbons; treatment, transport, and storage facilities, as well as the lighting and use of groundwater and auxiliary facilities (water, steam, gas, vacuum, among others) for the aforementioned works.

  • Advice on survey studies, location, and weighting of deposits.
  • Select machines, devices, and instruments related to the oil industry.
  • Carry out arbitrations, appraisals, valuations, and appraisals related to the specialty.

The Specialization in Environmental Management in the Mining and Oil Industry will be developed with a multidisciplinary approach. For this, applicants with university undergraduate training in environmental engineering, civil engineering, forestry engineering, chemical engineering, ecology, biology, and related careers. They have performed or are going to perform in the area of ​​environmental management.

The petroleum engineering scope in Pakistan can be taken as an opportunity to get the relevant advancement and prosper around the world.

MBBS Admission 2021 in Pakistan


In this article, we will discuss MBBS admission 2021 in Pakistan in detail.

Serving humanity with your services and taking care of them is a great blessing. Doctors being an important part of society, play a challenging role to medicate the patients. They cure different diseases and provide health-related solutions.

These professionals work hard to eliminate health emergencies that arise from multiple causes such as epidemics, trauma, war wounds, accidents, maternity, etc.

MBBS stands for in Pakistan: or MBBS meaning:

MBBS stands for in Pakistan and all over the world, the Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery, commonly known as the Bachelor of Medicine (MBBS). It is a university-based degree program that offers the doctoral study of a wide range of subjects within the Bachelor of Medicine curriculum framework.

MBBS Admission 2021 in Pakistan

MBBS Admission 2021 in Pakistan

So in this article, we will give you a distinguished explanation of the most outstanding opportunities to study this specialty in Pakistan and learn about MBBS admission 2021 in Pakistan.

Pakistan is the most demanded country for this type of study. Pakistan’s medical study is considered the best. It is a great destination for foreign students who are willing to study Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery, Bachelor of Dentistry, or other medical specialties at a reasonable cost.

Universities that offer the degree and MBBS admission 2021 in Pakistan, are one of the best educational systems in the world and provides advanced infrastructure. Being a country with a 0% illiteracy rate and a fully educated Pakistani people.

MBBS merit list 2021:

Merit for admission in MBBS is quite tricky. (.1) is also a big count in student’s total percentage. That makes a real difference while putting students on a merit list. The merit list begins with marks that are above 90% and goes up to Depending on the college level, it fluctuates between 91% to 95%.

King Edward has been the top among all other colleges in regards to merit. Students struggle hard to achieve the goal and fulfilling their dreams of becoming a doctor from a well-known institute.

Why studying MBBS in Pakistan is a perfect choice?

Here are 8 Reasons that Make Pakistan the First Destination for Students Who Want to Study Medicine:

  • There is no additional entrance exam
  • The cost of studying is affordable and it is the cheapest in comparison to abroad.
  • The certificates are recognized and accredited
  • The study is available in English.
  • Affordable living expenses
  • Classes in small groups
  • Excellent and long-term study plans for medical specialties

Cost of studying MBBS in Pakistan:

As soon as you think about the idea of MBBS admission 2021 in Pakistan and about ​​studying for Bachelor of Medicine in Pakistan. The first thing that comes to mind is the total cost of study along with the living expenses. This is why, compared to other countries, Pakistan offers high-quality education at the lowest prices.

Enrolment Dates for Bachelor of Medicine in Pakistan:

If you aspire to get into the Best Medical Universities of Pakistan The application process should start in July and classes will officially start in September. Since openings are limited at the top-ranked colleges, admission will be awarded on a first-come, first-served basis. Therefore, you must make sure that you begin the admission process to the bachelor of medicine once you get your intermediate done.

Conditions for registering for a medical specialty in Pakistan:

Unlike most countries, studying medicine in Pakistan is relatively easier due to a few simple admission criteria. Before proceeding with the application process, you must ensure that you meet the requirements mentioned in this section. These are the basic requirements demanded by Pakistani colleges and universities:

  • Intermediate degree with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as major subjects of career.
  • The intermediate degree must be with a passing grade and more than 50% on the condition of passing all subjects.
  • It is possible to apply with the equivalent of an intermediate degree.

How to Apply to Study Medicine in Pakistan:

Now that you know the basic requirements for MBBS admission 2021 in Pakistan and studying medicine in Pakistan. Let’s find out how the admission process in Pakistan works. It is an easy and uncomplicated process for international students as well. Once you have earned your intermediate degree, you are ready to begin the registration process:

Complete the registration form on the universities’ official website “. Registration form”

  • Pay tuition and study invitation letter
  • If you meet the registration requirements mentioned above, you will be issued a study invitation letter.
  • If you are a foreign student, when you receive the letter, you will need to apply for a student visa.

The MBBS admission 2021 in Pakistan is easier if you are a brilliant student and got great marks.

Required documents:

To enroll in a Bachelor of Medicine in Pakistan, you need to present the following documents upon arrival at the university. Be sure to bring the original notarized copies of the documents listed below:

  • Birth certificate
  • Intermediate degree or its equivalent
  • Medical examination certificate
  • Student visa
  • Passport
  • Study letter

Best Medical Universities in Pakistan:

For all applicants who want to get a good education in Pakistan, here are the best universities in the country:

  • Agha Khan University
  • King Edward Medical College
  • Dow University of Health Sciences
  • CMH Lahore Medical College
  • Shifa College of Medicine
  • Fatima Jinnah Medical College
  • Sargodha Medical College

What will you study in the Bachelor of General Medicine in Pakistan?

The Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery is a professional degree program that will fully prepare you to become a doctor. The duration of the study extends to 6 years. General medicine is considered one of the most common degrees, requiring study.

After the MBBS admission in Pakistan 2021, the degree program, Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery requires hard work and dedication throughout the study period and during practice. The undergraduate course is a combination of subjects including surgical procedures and the study of human anatomy, medicine, and pediatrics. The study program is spread over 12 semesters spread over 6 months for each semester, and students start going to hospitals for training and practicals from the third semester.

MBBS Program in Pakistan:

The MBBS admission 2021 in Pakistan has a very broad scope. It covers the education about medicine and surgery comprehensively. The study program is designed to impart broad knowledge with a variety of medicine-related subjects and to provide students with the relevant skills and thus help them thrive in medicine. Therefore, the study program can be divided into basic stages:

Preclinical stage:

The first two semesters of this doctoral degree program are consist of preclinical studies. They include courses like anatomy, and biochemistry, and physiology, biophysics, etc. The introductory phase will help you get started with intensive learning by covering most of the basics and basics of the medical profession. It is necessary to focus on the first preclinical stage as it is the basis for entering the second stage.

Subclinical stage:

The next stage of the degree program is the clinical level which spans 3 semesters. Subjects taught at this level include community medicine, forensic medicine, pathology, pharmacology, microbiology, clinical assignments, outpatient consultations, etc.

Clinical stage:

The last academic part of MBBS entails the clinical stage. This level runs from the fifth to the twelfth semester where the main focus is the study of disciplines in both medicine and surgery.

The clinically taught MBBS curriculum consists of medically related subjects such as psychiatry, dermatology, obstetrics, Gynecology, and Pediatrics. Apart from that, it also includes surgery topics such as Anesthesia, ENT, Ophthalmology, and Orthopedics.

The academic structure of medicine in Pakistan:

The duration of the Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery is 6 years in Pakistan, which is divided into 12 semesters of 6 months each and includes a 12-month internship and professional training. Students must also take training courses during the summer, either in their countries or in Pakistan, if they do not leave during the summer holidays:

12-month training program details:

The clinical phase marks the end of the theoretical aspect of the degree and is followed by a compulsory internship program. Therefore, there is an application while studying in Pakistani government hospitals that are affiliated with universities. Also, an application that students need to do during the summer holidays.

Textbooks for General Medicine:

Students obtain books in Pakistan from the university library through the book loan and return system at the end of the academic year. The university also provides some books electronically, despite that, medicine is one of the most popular disciplines, so we suggest you get a group of useful books that will be of great help during your academic career.

Areas of work after graduating from the specialty of medicine and surgery.

Once you have completed the medical course, you will have many opportunities and achievements in your career. You can work in different sectors and industries such as:

  • Hospitals
  • Clinics
  • Search parameter
  • Medical colleges
  • Pharmaceutical companies
  • Biotechnology companies
  • Nursing homes

Professional opportunities for graduates of the Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery.

Medicine offers many career options from which you can choose. However, you must obtain an M.D. for most of these careers:

  • Doctor
  • Investigator
  • Dermatologist
  • Gynecologist
  • Medical analyst
  • Pathologist
  • X-ray specialist
  • Neurologist
  • Surgeon
  • Nutrition specialist
  • Forensic officer
  • Pediatrician


The Pakistani higher education system will give you a golden opportunity if you are a fan of medicine because it will guarantee that you will get a study place. Once you are done with MBBS admission 2021 in Pakistan, you will be provided with a prestigious university that has universal accreditation.

It will be without any prerequisites such as average or language availability. That includes certificates such as TOEFL and IELTS. So take the opportunity and get a high quality and price education The best of Europe, the diversity of the curriculum, and the opportunity to start working in hospitals from the second year will graduate you as an experienced doctor within 6 years for sure.

IELTS in Pakistan 2021

IELTS in Pakistan 2021

IELTS in Pakistan is designed to measure English language proficiency through an examination of reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills.

The test lasts two hours and forty-five minutes and the results are obtained only 13 days (approx.) After it has been presented.

Having good results in the IELTS test is indisputably an advantage for any student or professional looking for opportunities and success abroad.

The IELTS (International English Language Testing System) is a high-quality English test, which is usually a requirement for admission to international universities and higher education institutions. As with the TOEFL, the IELTS is an essential part of the immigration process in several countries.

IELTS in Pakistan is widely recognized. It is valuable in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and many other English-speaking countries. It is jointly managed by the ESOL exams of the University of Cambridge, the British Council, and IDP Education Australia.


IELTS in Paksitan is recognized by more than nine thousand organizations worldwide. Universities, employers, professional bodies, immigration authorities, and government agencies around the world request the results of this exam.

It is taught in more than 125 countries and is supported by an extensive research program that was developed and tested by world-renowned experts.

The trust and prestige of the IELTS test allow more than two million people to take the exam each year.

IELTS is accepted in public and private universities around the world as a requirement for entry and qualification.

Unlike other English language tests, IELTS is recognized by prestigious universities throughout Europe and not just in the United States. If what you are looking for is to be accepted in a university in the United Kingdom or Canada, IELTS is the test that is requested.

What formats does IELTS have?

IELTS has two formats available.

Academic: assesses the skills required for those seeking to study a career or pursue a postgraduate degree in countries where English is the official language.

General Training: focuses on general survival skills in social or work contexts. It is required for those who plan to migrate to English-speaking countries. People looking to change their residence to Australia, Canada, New Zealand, or the United Kingdom must present this proof.

Commonly, the institution requesting the test results informs the interested parties which of the two versions is the one to take.

How is IELTS assessed?

The exam of IELTS in Pakistan is made up of four stages to be carried out in less than three hours: reading and writing tests, as well as a listening and oral comprehension assessment.

It is important to consider that the oral exam can be one or two days before the selected exam date, depending on availability.

On the day it is presented, the IELTS assessment is divided as follows:

  • Reading test: 1 hour
  • Writing test: 1 hour
  • Hearing test: 40 min
  • Oral test 11-14 minutes

Reading test:

In three sections, 40 questions of different types are presented to readings of an academic and general nature. An average of 2,150 to 2,750 words are read. The test lasts 60 minutes.

Writing test:

Users are asked to write texts with topics of general interest in a formal and semi-formal style. Two of them must have an extension of at least 150 words and two more than 250 words. The test lasts 60 minutes.

Hearing test:

In four sections 40 questions of different types are presented. The user will listen to a conversation between two people in a common social context, a monologue in a common social context, a four-person conversation in an educational or professional context, and finally, a monologue in an academic context. The test lasts 40 minutes.

Oral test:

The user is requested to have a face-to-face interview with an examiner. The meeting is divided into three parts:

Introduction and interview (3-4 minutes):

The examiner introduces himself, asks the user to introduce himself, and asks general questions about his family, work or studies.

Long individual shift (3-4 minutes):

The examiner gives the candidate a card with a specific topic. Whoever takes the exam has one minute to prepare their intervention and take notes. In the end, the examiner asks questions about the developed topic.

Discussion (4-5 minutes):

The examiner continues to ask the user questions about the previously developed topic.

The test has a total duration of 11-14 minutes.